FDI, Technology Spillovers and Export Performance of Emerging and Developing Economies

  • Jihad Nouri Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences Ain Sebaa, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco
  • Youssef Moflih Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences Ain Sebaa, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco
  • Begoña Torre Olmo Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Cantabria, Spain
Keywords: FDI, Global Value Chains, Technological Spillovers, Export Performance, Random Effect Model

Abstract

Foreign direct investments could be a privileged instrument for the mitigation of the technological gap, the dynamization of technological and industrial catch- up and the consolidation of the technological and scientific content of national industrial production, in addition to the modernization of productive apparatus, the expansion of industrial exports, and the celerity of their technological rise in the economies in a position of industrial takeoff. The internationalization of production favored by the rise of global value chains, as part of the process of international segmentation of production processes, has undeniably propelled the emergence of new industrial specializations and the restructuring of organizational models of production, namely in emerging countries as well as in developing countries, based on a heap of factors of attractiveness and exploitation of factorial and productive advantages, both comparative and competitive. The objective of this paper is to highlight the factors that motivate the choices and scenarios for the redeployment of production sites at the  international scale, while measuring the impact of inward FDI on the scope of the export performance of host economies, by exploring the resulting effects on the level of industrial competitiveness, creative, research and development activities and inventive capabilities, total factor productivity, externalities and the absorptive capacity of technology transfer in the local productive system, through the ordinary least squares methodology over an analytical span of nearly three decades and a panel of 10 emerging and developing economies.

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Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
Nouri, J., Moflih, Y., & Torre Olmo, B. (2021). FDI, Technology Spillovers and Export Performance of Emerging and Developing Economies. International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics, 2(4), 632-659. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5150419
Section
Articles