Correction and Retraction policies
A- Corrections to published work
Honest errors are a part of science and publishing and require publication of a correction when they are detected. Authors and readers are encouraged to inform the publisher and Editor-in-Chief if they notice anything that should be corrected. Corrections are made at the journal’s discretion.
As Publishers, we have a duty to maintain the integrity of the scientific record. For this reason, minor corrections that do not affect the scientific understanding of the paper (for example formatting or typographical errors or preference of wording) may be rejected if submitted post-publication in order to prevent discrepancies downstream.
The correction procedure depends on the publication stage of the article, but in all circumstances a correction notice is published as soon as possible:
A-1- In press: not published but delivred in authors
The manuscript in press version is considered the version of record, and not an opportunity to make changes prior to print publication. IJAFAME will consider replacing this version with an updated version which corrects the error and notes the changes that have been made and the date(s) on which the changes were made (in a correction notice at the end of the article). Previous electronic versions prominently note that there are more recent versions of the article.
A-2- Publication in an issue
If the manuscript has already appeared in an issue, a correction notice will be included in the front of the article. so, a correction notice will be published online (PDF) and linked to the article. We will add a correction notice at the end to say what has been changed since it was first published and publish an erratum or addendum.
Correction notices are indexed and linked to the original records in databases.
Retractions are considered by journal editors in cases of evidence of unreliable data or findings, plagiarism, duplicate publication, and unethical research. We may consider an expression of concern notice if an article is under investigation. All retraction notices explain why the article was retracted. The retraction procedure depends on the publication stage of the article:
B-1- In press: not published but delivred in authors
A new version of the article will be sended to authors containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text.
B-2- Publication in an issue
A replacement version of the article will be posted containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text. The PDF will be replaced with a version watermarked with “Retracted” but the original text will remain accessible.
In rare cases, we may have to remove the original content for legal reasons. In such cases we will leave the metadata (title and authors) and replace the text with a note saying the article has been removed for legal reasons. A retraction notice will also be published online.
Retraction notices are indexed and linked to the original records in databases.
An error introduced by the publisher that affects the integrity of the version of record, the reputation of the authors, or the reputation of journal, is termed as Erratum.
An Erratum is a statement by the authors of the original paper that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the paper should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article
An addendum is a notification of an addition of information to an article. Addenda are published when the editors decide that the addendum is crucial to the reader’s understanding of a significant part of the published contribution. Addenda include Editorial Expression of Concern, which is an editorial statement alerting our readership to serious concerns with the published paper. Editorial Expression of Concern are typically updated with another amendment once further information is available.
Addenda do not contradict the original publication, but if the author inadvertently omitted significant information available at the time, this material can be published as an addendum. Addenda may be peer reviewed, according to journal policy, and are normally subject to oversight by the editors of the journal. Addenda relating to the article content are published only rarely and only when the journal editors decide that an addendum is crucial to the reader’s understanding of a significant part of the published article. All addenda are linked to the original article to which they relate.